Nic Spaull is a Senior Researcher in the Research on Socioeconomic Policy group (RESEP) at Stellenbosch University in South Africa. He has held resident fellowships at Stanford’s Graduate School of Education and at the OECD in Paris. His research and publications center on learning outcomes in sub- Saharan Africa, assessment, inequality as well as early grade reading and mathematics in South Africa. He is currently conducting two Randomised Control Trials in South Africa 2019-2022 evaluating alternative teacher training/coaching modalities and early learning materials. Nic advises numerous trusts and philanthropies as well as key policy-makers in South Africa. His most recent book is “South African Schooling: The Enigma of Inequality” which is coedited with Jonathan Jansen and published by Springer (2019). He blogs at nicspaull.com.