That learning in many developing countries is in crisis has been well-established. The learning crisis was the focus of the World Bank’s World Development Report 2018, and UN global education goals highlight the need for improved learning. Yet, we are still learning much about the contours of the learning crisis, with important implications for how to address it.
Internationally comparable data on learning levels in developing countries is severely limited.
The World Bank’s new Human Capital Index makes great strides in measuring human capital by explicitly including learning, not just schooling.